Un año nada corriente (ebook) (Castellano - A Partir De 8 Años - Altamar) (Spanish Edition)

With respect to the principle of subsidiarity, so far it has not been deemed appropriate to initiate the harmonisation of the various national rules regarding safety equipment. In any case, before a legislative initiative is taken, the Commission is bound to carry out an in-depth stakeholder consultation. A UE tem feito tudo para levar por diante as reformas do Banco Mundial acordadas em The role of these countries in the global economic recovery is thus essential, as is their participation in the multilateral system, particularly in international organisations.

In the framework of EU participation in the various international bodies, what has been its involvement with regard to the reforms sought by the BRIC countries in the multilateral financial architecture, particularly as regards increasing their representation in the institutional governance of the IMF and World Bank? What will be the consequences of the creation of the new Development Bank orientated towards the BRIC countries, cited in the final summit declaration, for the IMF and the World Bank, for other emerging economies and for developing countries?

The EU has pushed for the implementation of the World Bank reforms agreed in The voting power of developing countries and transition economies in the IBRD has increased by 3. The EU is fully on track to implement the IMF quota and governance reform, by consenting to two fewer seats for advanced European countries once the quota reform becomes effective.

The Europeans would also agree on the next IMF Managing Director to be selected on merit and regardless of nationality if the same is done for the World Bank President. At this stage the proposal for a new development bank oriented towards the BRIC countries is unclear. The Commission would be in favour of a new development bank only when it could provide clear added value and not duplicate the role of existing institutions. Although there is overwhelming support for Security Council reform, the UN membership remains very divided on the details and a transitional stage of reform may be necessary.

The Treaty of Lisbon does not open the door for an EU seat. The EU considers that the international nuclear safety framework, particularly the Convention on Nuclear Safety, should be reviewed in order to increase its effectiveness, governance and enforceability. The situation in Mali is extremely dangerous and is deteriorating by the day. The situation is compounded by the proliferation of weapons and ammunition and the radicalisation of the groups involved.

The deteriorating security situation has led to lawlessness in the north of the country, exacerbating the humanitarian and food crisis that Mali already faces. The entire Sahel region has been destabilised and weakened as a result. What tools can the Union deploy to protect the most vulnerable groups of people — refugees, women and children? There is an urgent need to persuade the various armed groups not to hinder, aggress or exploit humanitarian work in the area, particularly in the delivery of food and medical help.

This humanitarian space is essential to allow in supplies of essential aid at the scale of the needs to northern Mali. The emergency aid consists of food, protection services, access to healthcare, nutrition and safe water. It goes to refugees, internally displaced people and vulnerable people in the North. The green and white job markets are likely to have the most need for qualified workers in the coming decade. Has the Commission considered implementing a programme to make school subjects in these fields more accessible to students across Member States?

For the third time since , North Korea has carried out missile tests. This time an intercontinental ballistic missile was used to launch a satellite. Korea has broken the agreement with the United States, under which it was to refrain from developing nuclear weapons and long-range missiles. The latest incident has been criticised by the G8 Foreign Ministers gathered in Washington, including the Foreign Minister of Russia, a country which until now has been reluctant to criticise Pyongyang.

The United States announced the cancellation of food aid deliveries to North Korea. In view of the above, is the Commission considering taking action to persuade Pyongyang to abandon such tests? In these measures, the Commission includes a new alert system for cross-border industrial conflicts. Can the Commission explain the alert system in detail, and explain how the alert system will protect posted workers from discrimination in cross-border conflicts? Such acts and circumstances may include discrimination against posted workers. It aims to improve the implementation, application and enforcement in practice of that directive and of the protection of posted workers' rights.

This proposal does not provide for an alert mechanism. Specifically, Spain is dealing with over half of its young people out of work. Many other Member States are also struggling with this problem. Can the Commission confirm any successes achieved by these programmes? Where can EU citizens see progress from European programmes towards lowering the unemployment rate among young people?

The Europe strategy constitutes the overarching strategic framework for an integrated approach for policies promoting employment of young people. These policies are spelled out more in detail in the specific, albeit interlinked EU policy strategies for education, employment and youth policies. The Member States have the main responsibility for implementing these strategies through appropriate measures, including making optimum use of EU structural funds and specific programmes, in particular the Lifelong Learning and Youth in Action Programmes.

Eintragung von Implantaten im Reisepass. Wie funktioniert die Reisepass-Eintragung von Implantaten in den Mitgliedstaaten? Liegen der Kommission Zahlen bzw. Sicherheitsscannern, zu treffen sind. Es besteht keine Absicht, diesen Ausweis mit Angaben zu Implantaten auszustatten. There is currently a discussion in Austria about the possibility of initiating a comprehensive information campaign in medical and dental associations, as well as regional government departments, to increase awareness among the population of the fact that medical implants can be recorded in passports.

Implants are often only recorded in disability passes in Austria — they are not recorded in passports because people are not aware of the facility. Yet the number of people with implants is increasing, and at the same time the security measures at airports are becoming more and more stringent and time-consuming. How does the recording of implants in passports operate in Member States? Does the Commission have access to numbers or information on how many people travel on passports in which implants are recorded?

What could the Commission do to make the recording of implants in disability passes standard in all Member States if they were to remain unrecorded in passports? What possibility does the Commission see of calling for free recording of implants in passports in all Member States in the interests of mobility? What steps could the Commission take to have disability passes recognised throughout Europe?

The Commission does not possess comprehensive data on how the recording of implants in passports is done in Member States and how many people travel on passports in which implants are recorded. Considering the different practice in Member States, an information campaign as suggested by the Honourable Member would also not be appropriate at EU level. However, the Commission fully agrees that it is essential to ensure that patients have reliable information about the implants at their disposal. Such implant card could contain warnings or information about precautions to be taken by the patient or a healthcare professional with regard to reciprocal interference with reasonably foreseeable external influences or environmental conditions, as for example security scanners.

As regards an EU Disability Pass, the Commission is currently consulting Member States and civil society organisations about possibilities for introducing a European-model Disability Card that could provide benefits in the areas of culture, leisure, transport and tourism. There is no intention to equip such a card with implant identification features. By what means, actions or programmes is the Commission responding to this situation? What action is the Commission taking to provide support to Member States and encourage them to deal more forcefully with criminal child abuse?

The Commission is strongly committed to the fight against child sexual abuse and sexual exploitation. It establishes minimum rules regarding the definitions of 20 offences, sets minimum levels for criminal penalties, and facilitates reporting, investigation and prosecution.

It extends national jurisdiction to cover abuse by EU nationals abroad, gives child victims easier access to legal remedies and includes measures to prevent additional trauma from participating in criminal proceedings.

Offenders will be subject to risk assessments, and have access to special intervention programmes. Information on convictions and disqualifications will circulate more easily among criminal records and background checks will be more reliable. The directive prohibits advertising the possibility of abuse, or organising child sex tourism, and provides for education, awareness raising and training of officials. Se il crimine organizzato mondiale fosse una nazione, sarebbe membro del G20 come una delle maggiori economie mondiali, generando un prodotto interno lordo pari a circa due trilioni di dollari l'anno.

Il rapporto descrive vari modi in cui il crimine si arricchisce, genera profitti e truffa lo stato. Secondo l'ONU, 40 miliardi di dollari l'anno vanno perduti attraverso la corruzione soltanto nei paesi in via di sviluppo. If global organised crime were a country, it would be a member of the G20 as one of the major world economies, generating a gross domestic product of around two trillion dollars per year.

The figures refer to , the first year in which UN experts, with the help of the World Bank, attempted to calculate the global turnover of organised crime and the situation may have worsened further since then. The report describes the various ways in which criminals grow rich, generate profits and cheat the state. Handling stolen goods, illegal gambling, money laundering and drug trafficking are just some of the other areas in which organised crime operates. Some terrorist groups use crime to finance their activities and there are instances in which terrorist groups are evolving into organised crime organisations in their own right.

In view of the above, can the Commission confirm whether data exist on the turnover generated by organised crime in Europe? The European Commission agrees that organised crime and its activities are a threat to our societies and values and have a serious impact on the global economy. Europe is not immune to this phenomenon. This has not prevented the Commission acting in line with the priorities set out in the communication on the Internal Security Strategy.

As criminal activities are essentially profit-driven, asset recovery can be an effective tool in preventing increasing penetration of criminal wealth into the mainstream economy. It aims to set up a more comprehensive and coherent EU legal framework for the confiscation of profit assets from serious and organised criminality.

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It will simplify existing rules and fill gaps which have benefitted criminals. So far, the two parties have not succeeded in establishing the common ground satisfactory to both sides that would enable a new agreement to be reached. The fishing industry concerned is still awaiting a solution therefore.

Will the number of ships in the cephalopod fleet in the area remain at the current figure of 24? The Commission will continue to do its utmost to find a mutually acceptable solution and to conclude negotiations in time before the expiry of the current Protocol. There is also a need to achieve a fair balance between EU budget and industry's participation. The level of fishing opportunities will need to be set according to the scientific advice and to reflect the current utilisation rate.

Cephalopods are currently being overexploited and fishing opportunities for this stock should at this stage be reduced to zero in the new Protocol. In view of possible improvement of the state of this stock and so as not to exclude future fishing activities, the Commission is proposing to include a review clause in the Protocol. The future Protocol will continue, beyond its commercial dimension, to provide sectoral support for a better development of the Mauritanian fisheries sector.

In , an environmental permit was granted to Talvivaara, a mining company based in Kainuu in Finland, allowing it to mine various types of metal. The mine has polluted the waters of at least four lakes. The waters of the lakes closest to the mine are the most polluted: The Finnish environmental authorities have not intervened effectively enough to stop the terms of the environmental permit from being breached.

The authorities have not made use of the legal solutions available, nor have they demanded sufficiently strictly that the terms of the permit be adhered to. It may also lead to air and soil pollution. In this respect, the Talvivaara mine is mentioned as an illustrative example of possible bad implementation of the Mining Waste Directive resulting from a transposition deficiency. The Commission is also opening an investigation requesting the Finnish authorities to inform on the Talvivaara mine. It will also allow Commission services to verify whether this activity complies with the above-named directives.

Hernieuwbare energie en definitie van residuen. Dit heeft gevolgen voor de markten voor grondstoffen, doordat hierdoor meer grondstoffen voor dubbeltelling en staatssteun in aanmerking komen. De Commissie zal zich verder zo snel mogelijk wijden aan de indirecte gevolgen van veranderingen in landgebruik als gevolg van biobrandstoffen. Dit zal in leiden tot een mededeling over landgebruik. De Commissie steunt een gezamenlijke aanpak voor de uitvoering van de richtlijn.

They also have to fulfil only one of the five sustainability criteria in order to be eligible for state aid. The lack of a clearly expressed harmonised definition of this concept has led certain Member States to apply a very wide definition. This affects the markets for raw materials by making more raw materials eligible for double counting and for state aid. The absence of a clearly expressed harmonised definition of production residue entails the risk of raw materials that are already used in the bio-industry being heavily diverted to energy production.

The promotion of the use for energy generation of valuable raw materials needed for various sustainable industrial applications has led to these natural resources becoming increasingly scarce and having to be replaced by fossil or crop-based materials with a larger carbon footprint.

What does the Commission intend to do to ensure fair and equal access for industrial users to these raw materials, which are part of the knowledge-based bio-economy, without renewable energy support schemes distorting the biomass market? The forthcoming EU Forestry Strategy may also contain complementary measures.

The Commission supports a common approach for the implementation of the directive. Hoe beoordeelt de Commissie deze beslissing? Deze maatregelen zijn onder meer een epidemiologisch onderzoek en vernietiging van het kadaver en van alle dieren die besmet zouden kunnen zijn. Is the Commission aware that a new case of mad cow disease BSE has been recently identified in California?

To what extent is this the case in the production of meat and animal products in the EU? Is the Commission aware that in South Korea various large food retail chains have halted the sale of US beef? If so, what does it entail? Will the Commission not hesitate to ban US beef and cattle if this action can promote food safety in the EU? The South Korean authorities have informed the Commission that no sanitary measures will be taken on US beef. These measures include an epidemiological investigation and the destruction of the carcass and of all animals which may have been also contaminated.

How will this measure, as opposed to real crop rotation with a leguminous component, actually succeed in breaking up damaging monocultures, thereby, for example:. Why have the full potential economic gains both to the farmer and to society outlined above — from reduced pesticide use, reduced phytosanitary emergency measures, increased long-term food security, resource protection and reduced pollution — not been comprehensively considered in the impact assessment? While the Commission acknowledges the high environmental benefits of crop rotation, it has been emphasised during the impact assessment process of the CAP post that the administration and control within a first pillar payment of a multiannual obligation would lead to heavy administrative burden for national authorities.

That is why the crop diversification was preferred as an obligation to get the green component of direct payments, obligation on which farmers may build for more demanding crop rotation commitment within second pillar agro-environmental-climate measures. The introduction of compulsory leguminous as part the crop diversification obligation was also assessed during the impact assessment process. It was not retained, as it would have put a risk on the WTO compliance of the green component of direct payments.

How will the management and implementation of the new sub-programme aimed at supporting small and medium-sized enterprises operating in the cultural and creative sectors take place in practice, i. The Commission's proposal for the Creative Europe Programme envisages the setting up of a loan guarantee facility operating alongside the more traditional grant-based actions in favour of the culture and media sectors and which will continue to provide the main supports to the sectors.

In practice the European Commission intends to delegate responsibility for the management and implementation of this facility, probably to the European Investment Fund EIF. The EIF would provide a guarantee on the portfolio of loans and share the credit risks with the financial intermediaries.

A constituent contacted me recently with a request. The problem described in the letter violates the right to private property, which is contrary to European legal practices. The company had an official building permit from the local government. According to the Slovakian legislation in force, the electric company — as the owner of the cables — has the right to place the cables on the property and has no obligation to provide compensation to the property owner.

In the present case, the property owner was not informed of the building permit being issued and so could not exercise the legal right to claim compensation. In the response received from the electric company, the possibility of relocating the cables is actually raised, but the electric company would charge all the costs of this to the property owner, which is also in line with the legislation in force. Meanwhile, a person interested in purchasing the property would only have been willing to purchase this part of the property well under the market value because of the cables. As a matter of principle, the Commission's powers regarding acts and omissions by Member States are limited to overseeing the application of Union law, under the control of the Court of Justice cf.

On the basis of the information provided by the Honourable Member, it does not appear that in the matter referred to the Member State concerned did act in the course of implementation of Union law, which does not cover the method and conditions for installing electrical cables. In such cases, Member States should act with respect of their obligations regarding fundamental rights, as resulting from their national legislation and international agreements to which they are parties.

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The financial instrument shall comply with the provisions regarding financial instruments in the Financial Regulation and in the Delegated Act replacing the Implementing Rules. How can guaranteeing student loans be reconciled with the fight against youth indebtedness? To what extent can we allow those completing their studies to go into debt in the economic crisis?

How does the student loan guarantee take into account the fact that due to differing economic conditions among Member States, repayment discipline may involve very considerable risk? Student loans exist in several Member States but not in all and many schemes restrict portability. For Masters students taking a full degree programme abroad, bank loans are particularly difficult to obtain — banks are doubly risk averse to studies undertaken abroad.

An EU student loan guarantee facility for cross-border learning mobility would have clear added value to address this market gap, and would not duplicate or displace financing available at national level but would complement national instruments, where they exist. Higher education and learning mobility improve career prospects and earning potential and reduce the risk of unemployment. International Masters graduates in particular are more likely to secure quality jobs and be in a position to repay loans.

The level of managable debt is a matter for agreement between the individual student borrower and the lender. The level of risk to be borne by individual lenders will take account of the prevailing economic situation and will be priced accordingly. The cost of any defaults would be shared between the lender and the European Student Loan Guarantee. The level of proposed risk sharing has been infomed by EU experience of other fields and by market testing with banks and student loan bodies.

The majority of the companies operating in the European food supplement sector are SMEs. For example, the rigidity of the approach taken to claims assessment resulted in the evidence supporting many claims not even being considered by the European Food Safety Authority EFSA due to substance characterisation requirements that were never made clear to applicants in advance.

EFSA applies an objective standard when verifying the substantiation of health claims by generally accepted scientific evidence and all businesses wishing to use such claims should be able to meet this standard. The Commission clarifies that no product will have to be removed from the market as a result of the implementation of the regulation, but only misleading claims will have to disappear.

Some adaptation may be necessary of any businesses that uses voluntary health claims to market their products. However this reflects once again the original objectives of the regulation.


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When implementing the regulation, the Commission takes the interests of SMEs into consideration provided that these do not run against the regulation's objectives. For example, the Commission always tries to avoid setting unnecessarily restrictive conditions of use for permitted claims, so that these are available to as many operators as possible. On the contrary, the Commission cannot support business practices, such as those based on the use of unsubstantiated claims, which not only mislead consumers, but also create conditions of unfair competition.

This would be a disadvantage for the majority of businesses, including SMEs, which try to compete on the basis of health claims that are substantiated by science. The draft reform of the common fisheries policy CFP proposed by the European Commission establishes a set of provisions intending to step up protection of fishery resources. The objective of restoring a balance between fishing activity and renewal of stocks is laudable and shared by all professionals in the field. Whether or not this objective is actually achieved depends on how well the measures implemented can be adapted to suit the different fishing practices and to the different sea basins.

Representatives of fisheries overseas agree that a uniform implementation of the CFP would be counter-productive, and even unenforceable. The realities of overseas fisheries are very different to the realities of fisheries on the European continent. This means that there are a number of inconsistencies in relation to the provisions of the new CFP and in relation to the new rules governing the allocation of EU funds for fisheries and maritime policy.

For example, the withdrawal of old vessels for the purposes of fleet renewal would actually result in preventing access to offshore resources and therefore concentrate fishing along the coast, where stocks are under threat. It therefore seems only natural that the CFP would follow the same logic and provide for adjustments to the provisions for these territories. Given the specific characteristics of the outermost regions, can the Commission propose consolidated legislation providing for derogations, like the POSEI arrangements, on the application of the common fisheries policy in the outermost regions?

The Commission understands the need for certain vessels of outermost regions to become more efficient and focus fishing efforts on more productive areas. During the reform of the common fisheries policy CFP , certain derogations were given in order to allow outermost regions to increase their fishing capacity with public aid. The Commission considers that the specific considerations are still relevant and has therefore included specific provisions for outermost regions within the context of the reform.

In this regard it is in particular relevant to note that in its proposal for the European Maritime and Fisheries Fund EMFF the Commission proposes to maintain the compensation regime of their fish products, resulting from the handicaps specific to these regions. In addition, the proposal includes measures to support vessel modernisation, such as investments aimed at improving health and safety on board, or investments aimed at making the best use of unwanted catches.

Why has this specific social group been excluded from the target groups of the relevant communication?

In what way does the Commission intend to safeguard the rights of the children in question, who frequently fall victim to racism, violence and marginalisation at school and in society? Children in vulnerable situations in general are addressed by the Agenda with the limited number of examples provided serving as concrete examples while neither constituting an exhaustive nor exclusive list.

In addition, many political prisoners face serious health problems and are refused proper medical treatment. The health of a number of current prisoners is also a matter of concern. The Buddhist activist Mai Thi Dung, 43, who is serving an year prison term for advocating Hoa Hao Buddhism, is gravely ill, with both feet paralysed, and is suffering from heart disease and gallstones. Is the High Representative aware of the poor human rights situation in Vietnam, in particular the situation of the political prisoners mentioned above? Does she intend to intervene in this matter?

The EU shares the concerns expressed by the Honourable Member about signs of a more restrictive approach, by the Government of Vietnam, to freedom of expression and the media. The EU will continue to raise its concerns with Vietnamese authorities, including at the highest level. It takes the view that a combination of political pressure and constructive engagement bears the greatest chance of influencing Vietnam towards a more open society based upon the rule of law. However, it implies that in the future extra charges will be payable by property owners resulting from the imputed income from owner-occupied housing.

This proposal is tantamount to abolishing the protective legislative framework currently in force regarding primary housing, raising several questions about the social consequences of implementing such a measure. Has the Commission made any recommendations to the Greek Government on the calculation of the imputed income from owner-occupied primary housing?

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Was this proposal accompanied by countervailing measures to protect vulnerable groups and citizens with low incomes? Has Greece made a counter-proposal? The Commission services have not specifically discussed exclusion or inclusion in taxable income of the imputed income from owner-occupied primary housing with the Greek Government. Greece has encountered difficulties in collecting property taxes and since the end of has to resort to non-standard collection techniques, like including the property tax in the electricity bills. This has contributed to bringing property taxation in Greece in line with most of the other Member States.

The Commission believes that, in general, taxation of property and indirect taxes are economically more efficient and socially fairer when they have a wide base and low rates. Oesophageal cancer, in particular, is on the rise, and much is still unknown about its causes. Liver cancer is on the increase in most European countries as a result of its relationship with both viral hepatitis and the near-epidemic shift towards unhealthy lifestyles.

Most importantly, further measures are needed to reduce significantly the incidence of cancer. People need to be made aware of the importance of a healthy lifestyle in order to prevent cancer of the digestive system from occurring in the first place. Furthermore, there is a lack of research funding allocated to these forms of cancer. This results in stagnation in the development of cost-efficient and consumer-friendly screening methods and in the identification of additional risk factors and innovative treatment methods for patients. Horizon is an opportunity for the Council and Parliament to make sure that these lethal cancers of the digestive system are not neglected and are central to discussions on health priorities.

Is the Commission prepared to consider additional measures to reduce the severe impact that these forms of cancer have on EU society in terms of morbidity, mortality and the burden on national healthcare systems? How is the Commission planning to advocate tackling cancer of the digestive system during the forthcoming negotiations on the health priorities in Horizon ? How does the Commission explain the slow implementation of screening programmes for colorectal cancer in comparison with those targeting cervical and breast cancer over the past decade?

Digestive system cancers encompass a group of cancers with a high incidence of colon and rectum cancers. There is a rare prevalence and low incidence in other organs of the digestive tract such as the pancreas, liver or gall bladder. In this context, the Commission is not planning additional measures to reduce the impact of digestive system cancers. As regards screening programmes for colorectal cancer, it is the responsibility of Member States to decide on their implementation of the Council recommendation on cancer screening, as this is part of the organisation and delivery of healthcare.

The commencement of oil-drilling in the Famagusta area is in blatant violation of UN resolutions confirming the sovereignty of the Republic of Cyprus and demanding respect for its territorial integrity. Furthermore, the challenging of the right of Greek islands to their own continental shelf and the incorporation of sections of the Cypriot EEZ into maps of Turkey is an infringement of the Law of the Sea.

Moreover, challenging the sovereign rights of EU Member States is unequivocally inconsistent with the obligation of a candidate country for EU membership to maintain good neighbourly relations. Does the High Representative intend to take the necessary measures to make representations to the Turkish authorities? Will she bring the appropriate pressure to bear to ensure that Turkey signs and respects the provisions of the United Nations International Convention on the Law of the Sea?

In particolare, gli Stati membri dovrebbero creare un meccanismo di condivisione delle informazioni finalizzato alla compilazione di un elenco delle imbarcazioni e delle spedizioni sospette; tale meccanismo potrebbe integrare altri sistemi dell'UE, come quelli di competenza dell'Agenzia europea per la sicurezza marittima EMSA , nell'ottica di un approccio olistico alla sicurezza marittima e all'attuazione dell'embargo sugli armamenti da parte dell'UE. Intende istituire un meccanismo UE per condividere informazioni sulle spedizioni e le imbarcazioni sospette al fine di migliorare la sicurezza delle popolazioni a livello globale?

L'Unione ha preso importanti provvedimenti per rafforzare la sicurezza marittima. Odgovor visoke predstavnice in podpredsednice Catherine Ashton v imenu Komisije. Korkean edustajan, varapuheenjohtaja Catherine Ashtonin komission puolesta antama vastaus. Maritime transport flows are the dominant means of moving a range of commodities that can prolong and inflame conflicts, derail democratisation processes and even foster the proliferation of weapons of mass destruction. Maritime transport is the preferred mode of this clandestine trade, not least because the high seas are very difficult areas of our planet to monitor or regulate.

Despite advances in satellite and ship monitoring technologies, there is no authority capable of effectively controlling such a vast territory. In fact, the majority of ships involved in the reported transport of illegal military equipment, dual-use goods and narcotics sail under so-called flags of convenience and are registered in flag states with limited regulation and control of their merchant fleets. Port state control PSC inspections in most cases are the only occasions when state authorities have the right to board a ship without consulting the flag state.

At international level, information sharing on suspect vessels between governments, maritime administrative entities and relevant PSC authorities could be enhanced. In particular, the Member States should create an information-sharing mechanism with a view to compiling a list of suspect ships and shipments, which could be integrated into other EU systems, such as those under the authority of the European Maritime Safety Agency EMSA , as part of a holistic approach to maritime security and the enforcement of EU arms embargoes.

According to operational practice in international shipping, the owner of a ship can be different from her operator or the flag under which the ship sails. It can be thus misleading to draw conclusions on illegal trading based on the one statistic of ownership. The EU has taken major steps to enhance both maritime safety and security. It will be enriched with further information sources including from satellite surveillance.

Finally the Commission is working with Member States towards integrating maritime surveillance enabling exchange of information services across borders and sectors for targeted purposes. An essential complement would be that all EU Member States ratify the Protocol to the Convention of the International Maritime Organisation on the Suppression of Unlawful Acts at Sea allowing for the repression of illegal traffic of dual use goods and other goods destined to proliferation or terrorist ends.

Programmet uppfyller kraven i EU: Who are the recipients of this funding and how is it being used to raise public awareness about the negative consequences of alcohol consumption? Does any proportion of this funding go to the alcohol industry? If so, does the Commission believe that there could be some conflict of interest in this? The beneficiary is an organisation representing the professions involved in the Vinho Verde production and trade in Northern Portugal.

The measures on responsible drinking include a TV spot, actions on the Internet and an outdoor poster campaign. On the internal market, the regime foresees information measures on responsible drinking and the damaging effects of dangerous alcohol consumption. This means surfaces are being repainted on an annual basis and therefore more paint is being used. If it is the case that more VOCs are being released, how does the Commission propose to address this issue? Do alternative VOC compliant paints exist that do not yellow, or have alternatives to the yellowing paint been developed?

Up to now, the Commission has not been informed of a lowering of the quality of paints that would lead to greater quantities of paints being used and, accordingly, to an increase of production and emissions of VOC. Member States have now submitted their second implementation report covering the year and the Commission's analysis thereof is now under preparation. The Commission will look carefully at any data that might confirm the observations and concerns raised by the Honourable MEP.

Support under this measure may be granted to investments which improve the overall performance of an enterprise. Since this measure is not obligatory for Member States to include in their national or regional rural development programme, it is up to the Member State to make the support available. Financial skills are extremely important at the level of the individual and society. However, it is a sad fact that there has been no progress on this issue in recent years.

As a bitter effect of the economic crisis, EU citizens have found that, for example, their foreign currency loans, previously considered to be advantageous, have become more expensive. Whilst their jobs are in danger, it has also become clear that their savings are at best only sufficient to get them through a very brief crisis. High-quality programmes aimed at developing financial culture can establish a welfare surplus at the level of national economies, since an increase in financial awareness strengthens stability and thus contributes to long-term economic growth.

Does the Commission plan to implement uniform measures or possible uniform EU strategies that will help develop financial culture in the Member States and that facilitate the comparability of financial services? The Commission is not planning to carry out another analysis of the programmes of Member States in the area of financial education at this point of time. In addition, the Commission closely follows the initiatives of the OECD's International Network on Financial Education INFE which plays an active international role and promotes the adoption of national strategies on financial education.

Since education is the competence of Member States, the Commission focuses on coordination and support of national strategies and projects in the area of financial education through granting patronage to events and conferences organised by public or non-profit actors. Smuggelcigaretter och piratkopierade cigaretter behandlas likadant i alla fyra avtalen. In the first article of three of these agreements there is a definitions section which tackles different aspects of cigarette smuggling, contraband cigarettes that have been imported into, distributed in, or sold in a Member State, or were en route to a Member State for sale there in violation of the applicable tax, duty or other fiscal laws and counterfeited cigarettes cigarettes that are manufactured by a third party without the consent of the cigarette manufacturer holding the given registered trademark.

Furthermore, how will the Commission guarantee that this lack of differentiation does not give rise to confusion between counterfeit and contraband, thus hindering the response to the problem of tax fraud and tax evasion? The treatment of contraband and counterfeit cigarettes remains exactly the same across all four agreements.

The operative provisions in the BAT Agreement. In each agreement, great care has been taken to clearly differentiate between seized genuine cigarettes upon which additional payments are due, and in relation to which each company must cooperate, including the provision of information and counterfeit cigarettes for which the cooperating company is not responsible.

The reasons for this were several and included the fact that designation of cigarettes as counterfeit served to relieve the cooperating company of responsibility in relation to a particular seizure of cigarettes. As such, a definition was used in each agreement which serves to limit this exception and clarifies several situations in which cigarettes are not to be deemed counterfeit for purposes of the agreements.

Raccogliere energia direttamente dal mare, sfruttando il calore delle acque tropicali per attivare centrali termoelettriche nell'oceano: Una sfida tecnologica molto ambiziosa, ma che secondo alcuni ingegneri potrebbe essere realizzabile in pochi anni. Il prototipo, che dovrebbe produrre dieci megawatt, potrebbe essere completato entro quest'anno e rappresenterebbe una svolta nel campo delle energie rinnovabili.

Le centrali a conversione di energia termica dell'oceano, o OTEC Ocean Thermal Energy Conversion , sono sofisticate macchine termiche nelle quali un fluido scorre in un circuito e sostituisce il calore con l'acqua a diverse temperature. Secondo la Commissione il Mediterraneo non rappresenta una scelta ottimale per le OTEC, che potrebbero invece fornire una soluzione nel settore delle energie rinnovabili per i territori d'oltremare dell'UE ai Caraibi e nell'Oceano Indiano.

Inoltre, le OTEC saranno prese in considerazione nel quadro del programma Orizzonte , la proposta della Commissione per il programma di ricerca e innovazione dell'UE per il periodo Obtaining energy directly from the sea, using the heat of tropical waters to drive thermal power plants in the ocean is a project which at first glance seems simple. It is, in fact, like building an underground train tunnel and inserting it vertically into the depths of the sea — the total depth would be equal to the height of three skyscrapers. This is an incredibly ambitious technological challenge, but according to some engineers it might be possible in a few years.

An American company, famous for its aeronautical activities, is working on the prototype of a facility capable of converting the heat of the tropical oceans into electricity. The prototype, which should produce ten megawatts, could be completed before the end of the year and would represent a turning point in the field of renewable energy. The plant developed by the Americans uses ocean thermal energy, i. Ocean Thermal Energy Conversion OTEC plants are sophisticated thermal machines in which a fluid running in a circuit replaces heat with water at various temperatures.

Is it aware of the aforementioned study and does it consider that it could be tested in the Mediterranean? Questa nuova tecnica in futuro potrebbe essere applicata anche alla fecondazione assistita nell'uomo, per evitare la trasmissione di malattie genetiche. In the future, this new technique could be used in human assisted fertilisation in order to prevent the transmission of genetic diseases. The next step is to make the stem cells more similar to sperm. Can the Commission say whether it is aware of this new research and whether, in view of the value that EU policy places on health protection, it considers that it should provide funding to allow the research to be translated into clinical applications?

The Commission is aware of the work in mice on haploid embryonic stem cells mentioned by the Honourable Member. Gli enti territoriali, quali comuni e province, sono tra i primi possibili beneficiari dei Fondi diretti programmati ed erogati da parte delle direzioni generali della Commissione europea. Tra i fondi disponibili ci sono ad esempio: In caso affermativo, quali sono i progetti che hanno avuto accesso a fondi europei e con quali risultati i suddetti programmi sono stati portati a termine?

Has the city of Pescara applied for funding under any of the programmes available? If it has, for which projects has EU funding been provided and what results have these programmes achieved? The Commission notes that the Honourable Member is interested in the funding granted directly to Italian cities from specific EU programmes managed by the Commission.

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Should the Honourable Member so wish, the Commission could prepare a table providing this information for the major Italian cities likely to take part in these programmes. This would save the Commission time needed to reply to each individual question and provide the Honourable Member with one single set of comprehensive data. Il mercato europeo delle professioni e gli ordini professionali. La direttiva definisce un sistema di riconoscimento reciproco delle qualifiche che consente a un professionista qualificato in uno Stato membro di esercitare la professione in un altro Stato membro.

Per la maggior parte delle professioni il sistema si basa su un raffronto tra la qualifica posseduta dal lavoratore migrante e quella richiesta dallo Stato membro ospite e sull'uso di misure di compensazione in caso di differenze sostanziali. Tale valutazione caso per caso permette di evitare la concorrenza sleale tra cittadini nazionali e professionisti qualificati in altri Stati membri nell'accesso alle professioni regolamentate. The Professional Qualifications Directive is essential in order to allow people to take up new activities or find a job in another Member State that requires a specific qualification in order to pursue a particular profession.

However, it does not seem right to take action to facilitate mobility until the different educational curricula have been regulated in order to avoid disparities in the broader market for professional qualifications. Another obstacle to accessing professions and ensuring mobility in this area is the existence of professional associations, in connection with which there are serious doubts as to the compatibility of certain practices with European competition rules.

Over-regulation of access to a profession reduces the number of service providers, with negative consequences for competition and service quality. Furthermore, the experience gained in some countries would suggest that the relaxation of restrictions in some professions has caused prices to fall, without any apparent deterioration in the quality of the services provided. In view of the above, can the Commission state how it intends to ensure greater uniformity with regard to professional associations?

As things stand, an association in a given country is able to regulate access to a profession by nationals of that country but cannot exclude those who, having obtained their qualifications in a different but equally valid manner in their country of origin, wish to practice abroad — a situation which in some cases gives rise to a form of unfair competition on the labour market. The rules for accessing and governing regulated professions, including the qualifications requirements, are defined at national level.

Professional associations can play a role in this area, provided they do not create unjustified and disproportionate barriers to the exercise of professional activities. The Commission is aware of the disparity of the legislations regulating the access to the professions in the Member States. If adopted, Member States will have to notify the list of professions for which they require a specific qualification, justify the need for regulating these professions and evaluate them on a mutual basis.

The directive defines a system of mutual recognition of qualifications, which allows a professional qualified in a Member State to exercise his or her profession in another Member State. For the vast majority of professions, the system is based on a comparison between the qualification hold by the migrant and the qualification required in the host Member State and on the use of compensation measures in case of substantial differences. This case-by-case assessment allows to avoid unfair competition between nationals and professionals qualified in other Member States in the access to regulated professions.

The social situation in the Douro Demarcated Region is deteriorating at an alarming rate. At the recent Encontro da Lavoura Duriense Meeting of the Douro Region Farmers , the situation was described as calamitous, and remedies were called as a matter of urgency. Furthermore, the cost of agricultural insurance and bank loans is continuing to rise. Among other measures, this plan should create the conditions required to improve sales and raise producer prices for wine, olive oil and fruit.

The EU already makes a significant contribution to the wine sector, following the reform of the CMO in wine. In this context, national aid programmes constitute one of the instruments available. The first three measures referred to form part of the Portuguese aid programme's measures. In relation to rural development several measures are provided for to promote structural support for the region's products, including the modernisation of agricultural holdings, increasing the added value of agricultural and forestry products, as well as specific support for maintaining the typical terraces of the region.

This is a civil society initiative intended to provide a forum for debate, dialogue, and coordination of efforts, resources and actions to be brought to bear on decision-making procedures relating to national and international public policy on food and nutritional sovereignty and security, in Portugal and around the world, and on the human right to food. And on the development of small-scale and family farming?

EUR-Lex Access to European Union law

How will the above principles be taken into account in the forthcoming reform of the common agricultural policy? Statistical information on self sufficiency at Member State and EU level can be found in Eurostat database, either in the supply balance sheets for agricultural products. Several indicators evaluate the developments of food dependency: CAP post proposals focus on three major policy objectives: Further market orientation will enable farmers to decide freely on their production, while keeping an enhanced safety net mechanism.

Direct payments will continue to guarantee a basic fixed income support to farmers, and include regionalisation, specific top-up for young farmers, a payment for areas with natural constraints and a voluntary coupled support to vulnerable regions or sectors. The long term sustainability of EU agriculture is facilitated by the greening of direct payments together with cross compliance.

This stance goes against claims made by numerous producer organisations, particularly in Portugal, which believe that preserving vine planting rights is vital for the wine sector and for the economy over wide areas. The Alliance states that the Spanish Association of Pulp and Paper Manufacturers, in collaboration with chemical companies and with the connivance of the public authorities, intends to fumigate parts of Galicia where eucalyptus trees are affected by a pest called Gonipterus scutellatus using a highly toxic product active substance flufenoxuron.

The use of flufenoxuron is prohibited in the European Union both for reasons of food safety and because of the significant harm caused to insect species such as bees for which flufenoxuron is deadly and to environmental equilibrium. This campaign highlights the social importance of this issue and the growing concern about the failure of the Galician Government to publicly intervene on a subject that is very relevant and affects the employees of such an important sector as the Galician agriculture sector.

Is the Commission aware of this situation? Spain had authorised plant protection products for use on eucalyptus trees and can therefore benefit from the derogation to use existing stocks until end also on eucalyptus trees. The Commission is aware that Spain granted such a period of grace in accordance with the legislation. It is the responsibility of Member States to impose risk mitigation measures and to define the appropriate conditions of use at national, regional or local level.

Through the Turkish state oil company, Turkey has already carried out illegal drilling in the occupied territory of the Republic of Cyprus. Does it also intend to enforce measures to defend the sovereign rights of its Member States as part of the reasonable and practical implementation of the principle of solidarity? As long as the Turkish Government is infringing upon the sovereign rights of the Republic of Cyprus within the Cypriot Exclusive Economic Zone, will the European Commission also propose suspending Turkish accession negotiations?

As regards disputes concerning the delimitation of marine zones, they would need to be settled between Cyprus and Turkey according to the principles of the law of the sea. The Commission is not in a position to intervene in that respect. Could the Commission investigate the tendering process in the provision of state-subsidised routes in Galway City, Ireland? Is the Commission aware that state aid is given to one semi-state bus operator in the city and that another private operator competes on city routes, but with no state aid?

This investigation is nationwide and hence would include Galway.

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Such contracts must clearly define the geographical areas concerned by the public service obligation, and the parameters on the basis of which the compensation payment is calculated. However, there is no specific requirement for this compensation to be broken down at city or any other geographical level. All necessary measures should be taken to ensure improved security for all our fellow citizens, in response to their legitimate concerns. The incoming Cypriot Presidency has not yet offered a detailed overview of the topics that it intends to focus on during its Presidency.

La stesura e l'attuazione di un piano di sviluppo urbano sostenibile costituiscono un'importante sfida, da un lato, in ottica ambientale e per l'utilizzo responsabile delle risorse energetiche, dall'altro, dal punto di vista economico per stimolare ed incentivare la ripresa delle economie nazionali dell'UE nel settore della costruzione e dello sviluppo urbano.

Saranno comprese tra le azioni di cooperazione anche quelle legate all'housing e all'edilizia popolare, visto che si tratta di questioni fondamentali legate allo sviluppo urbano? Furthermore, the creation of the annual urban China-EU Forum will improve harmonisation and enable EU authorities to provide greater support in implementing this plan. In view of the above, has the Commission drawn up any other action plans with the Chinese authorities and Chinese cities, besides the aforementioned initiatives? Will these cooperation measures include ones on social housing and accommodation, given that these are fundamental issues in urban development?

What does the Commission consider might be the real benefits of this protocol in terms of integrated urban development for the cities and urban areas of the EU? Does the Commission intend to present any proposals for financial instruments that would provide financial support for joint measures and integrated urban development projects between cities in China and the EU? Item s unavailable for purchase. Please review your cart. You can remove the unavailable item s now or we'll automatically remove it at Checkout.

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